Magic mushrooms are mushrooms that contain psilocybin compounds. Psilocybin is classified as indole-alkylamine (tryptamine), a compound that has a structure similar to that of lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD). That is what makes this fungus often misused. Magic mushroom is a term to describe mushrooms that contain 4-phosphoryloxy-N, N-dimethyltryptamine, or psilocybin. Psilocybin is a hallucinogen that works by activating serotonin receptors (most commonly in the prefrontal cortex). This part of the brain influences mood, cognition, and perception. This is what is used by the find out to help fight many diseases and used as therapy.
These mushrooms have other names such as shrooms, blue meanies, golden tops, liberty caps, philosopher’s stone, and agaric. But this mushroom is also popular with the name cow dung mushroom. All hallucinogens carry risks because they trigger mental and emotional problems. The amount of psilocybin contained in magic mushrooms varies so it is very difficult to determine the extent of the side effects. The side effects of magic mushrooms can include both physical and mental effects. Physical effects such as the pupil are enlarged in size, causes drowsiness, headache, increased heart rate, blood pressure, and body temperature, decreased coordination, muscle weakness, and nausea. The mental effects such as does not recognize time, place, and reality, excessive feeling of joy, hallucinations (visual or auditory), have spiritual experiences, panic attacks, paranoia, psychosis, and nervousness.
Magic mushrooms look similar to poisonous mushrooms, so poisoning is a potential risk. Yeast poisoning can cause severe disease, organ damage, and death. The hallucinogens found in magic mushrooms affect the part of the brain regulating arousal and panic responses. Psilocybin doesn’t always cause visual or auditory hallucinations. On the contrary, these substances distort how a person perceives objects and the conditions of the surrounding environment that is used in therapy against depression and other mental illness. Mushroom quantity, past, and expectations can influence the effects of psilocybin. After the intestines digest and absorb psilocybin, the body converts it into psilocybin. Hallucinogenic effects usually occur within 30 minutes of consumption and last between 4 and 6 hours.